The capital of Nizhny Novgorod Region was founded by the Grand Duke of Vladimir Juri Vsevolodovich at the confluence of the rivers Volga and Oka in 1221. From 1392 on it was part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow for which it served as a fortress against the Tatars. After the conquest of Kasan by Tsar Ivan the Terrible in 1552 Nizhny Novgorod became an important trading place along the trading route between Russia and the East.
In the 1950s the city of Nizhny Novgorod got closed for foreigners due to the fact that it was a huge production place for arms and weapons. During the Soviet time from 1932-1990 Nizhny Novgorod was also named after the proletarian writer M. Gorky – instead of Nizhny Novgorod. By clicking on this link you will get to a nice film which introduces you to all facets of Nizhny Novgorod.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union Nizhny Novgorod became a pioneer region in implementing market reforms with the result that it is now a very attractive place for international investments. Internationally successful companies like Liebherr, Thyssen Krupp, Stada, Coca-Cola or Heineken are located in the region.
Beyond the fact that Nizhny Novgorod is one of the industrial giants in Russia, it is also one of the biggest research centers of the country. More than 48000 researchers work in 107 research institutes. One of the prestige projects is the International Research Centre for Extreme Light Fields (XSELS) which is part of the 6 Russian Megascience Projects and which has the potential to become one of the world’s leading research infrastructures in the field of high energy lasers. A full project description is available here.
Find out all about the Year of Science activities!